The Malankara  Orthodox Syrian Church was founded by St. Thomas, one of the twelve  apostles of Jesus Christ, who came to India in A.D. 52.At  least from the fourth century the Indian Church entered into a close  relationship with the Persian or East Syrian Church. From the Persians,  the Indians inherited East Syrian language and liturgies and gradually  came to be known as Syrian Christians.

In the  seventeenth century the Church came to a relationship with the  Antiochene Church which again caused splits. As a result of this  relationship the Church received West Syrian liturgies and practices.The Church entered into a new phase of its history by the establishment of the Catholicate in 1912.

At  present the Church is using the West Syrian liturgy. The faith of the  Church is that which was established by the three Ecumenical Councils of  Nicea (A.D. 325), Constantinople (A.D. 381) and Ephesus (A.D. 431).

The  Church is in communion with the other Oriental Orthodox Churches namely,  Antiochene, Alexandrian, Armenian, Eritrean and Ethiopian Orthodox  Churches. The Church is in good ecumenical relationship with the Eastern  Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Protestant Churches.At present the Church has over 2 million faithful with 24 dioceses all over the world.

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